Tuesday, January 15, 2019

The Donbas War and Healthcare

PONARS Eurasia has published a policy memo that I co-authored with my colleagues Cynthia Buckley and Ralph Clem. In the memo, we discuss how the Donbas War has disrupted access to healthcare services by identifying facilities that have sustained physical damage. This memo is part of an ongoing research project related to state capacity in countries that border Russia.

Monday, December 17, 2018

Proxy Voting in Ukraine's Parliament

In a new article to be published in a 2019 edition of Post-Soviet Affairs, my colleagues and I assess the impact of illicit proxy voting on lawmaking in Ukraine's parliament. Although members of parliament are supposed to cast votes in the legislature personally, political parties often arrange to have votes cast even when their members are not present. This process has been captured on camera regularly by the media and non-governmental organizations (notably Chesno). 

Screenshot from Chesno video evidence
In many cases, proxy votes are necessary to pass legislation. But, relying on the votes of absentee legislators to pass laws undermines representation and accountability. The article estimates the impact of proxy voting, showing how it is a widespread phenomenon that is not limited to a single political party or partisan orientation.

Monday, April 9, 2018

Washington Post/Monkey Cage Blog about the War in Donbas

The Washington Post/Monkey Cage Blog has featured an ongoing collaboration about state capacity in post-Soviet states. Cynthia Buckley, Ralph Clem, and I (along with cartography work by UIUC student Jarod Fox) assessed damage to civilian infrastructure in Donbas, focusing on hospitals. By combining reports from many sources, we found under-reporting of attacks on healthcare facilities. These findings are part of a larger effort to understand the implications of hybrid warfare, threats to East European and Eurasian sovereignty, and possible vulnerabilities in other areas.

Saturday, October 14, 2017

Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems Update

All of the chapters for the Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems are submitted and the book is in the final stages of editing. Chapters continue to be posted online at the Oxford University Press website, with the hard-copy version slated for release in early 2018 (see the Table of Contents below).

Part I. Introduction
1. Terminology and Basic Rules of Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Robert J. Pekkanen, and Matthew S. Shugart

Part II. Foundations of Electoral Systems
2. Dimensions of Variation in Electoral Systems
Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell
3. Electoral System Effects on Party Systems
Matthew S. Shugart and Rein Taagepera
4. Party System Effects on Electoral Systems
Josep M. Colomer
5. Electoral System Design in New Democracies
John M. Carey
6. Electoral System Change
Alan Renwick

Part III. Issues and Representation 
7. Social Diversity, Electoral Systems, and the Party System
Robert Moser, Ethan Scheiner, and Heather Stoll
8. Electoral Systems and Ethnic Minority Representation
David Lublin and Shaun Bowler
9. Electoral Systems and Women's Representation
Mona Lena Krook
10. Electoral Systems and Voter Turnout
Daniel M. Smith
11. Electoral Systems and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence
Matthew Golder and Benjamin Ferland
12. Electoral Systems and Issue Polarization
James Adams and Nathan Rexford

Part IV. Electoral Systems and the Wider Political System
13. Portfolio-maximizing Strategic Voting in Parliamentary Elections
Gary W. Cox
14. Presidential and Legislative Elections
Mark P. Jones
15. Electoral Systems and Legislative Organization
Shane Martin
16. Electoral Systems and Roles in the Legislative Arena
Audrey André and Sam Depauw
17. Electoral Systems and Constituency Service
Brian F. Crisp and William M. Simoneau
18. Direct Democracy and Referendums
Matt Qvortrup
19. Electoral Systems in Authoritarian States
Jennifer Gandhi and Abigail L. Heller

Part V. Electoral Systems and Research Design 
20. Election Data and Levels of Analysis
Ken Kollman
21. Experimental Research Design in the Study of Electoral Systems
Joshua Tucker and Dominik Duell
22. Reconciling Approaches in the Study of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems
Erik S. Herron, Kuniaki Nemoto, and Misa Nishikawa

Part VI. Holding Elections
23. Election Administration
Thad E. Hall
24. Electoral Systems and Electoral Integrity
Pippa Norris
25. Electoral Systems and Redistricting
Lisa Handley
26. Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance
Joel W. Johnson

Part VII. Electoral Systems in Context
27. Electoral Systems in Context: The Netherlands
Kristof Jacobs
28. Electoral Systems in Context: Israel
Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat
29. Electoral Systems in Context: Finland
Åsa von Schoultz
30. Electoral Systems in Context: UK
Thomas Carl Lundberg
31. Electoral Systems in Context: Ireland
Michael Marsh
32. Electoral Systems in Context: France
Verónica Hoyo
33. Electoral Systems in Context: India
Adam Ziegfeld
34. Electoral Systems in Context: the United States
Steven L. Taylor
35. Electoral Systems in Context: Canada
Louis Massicotte
36. Electoral Systems in Context: Australia
Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai
37. Electoral Systems in Context: Germany
Thomas Zittel

Part VIII. Electoral Systems in the Context of Reform
38. Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand
Jack Vowles
39. Electoral Systems in Context: Japan
Kuniaki Nemoto
40. Electoral Systems in Context: Italy
Gianluca Passarelli
41. Electoral Systems in Context: Colombia
Steven L. Taylor and Matthew S. Shugart

Part IX. Electoral Systems in the Context of New Democracies
42. Electoral Systems in Context: Ukraine
Erik S. Herron
43. Electoral Systems in Context: Indonesia
Nathan Allen
44. Electoral Systems in Context: South Africa
Karen E. Ferree

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems

I am co-editing the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems from Oxford University Press with Robert J. Pekkanen and Matthew S. Shugart. The book covers core debates about the design and consequences of electoral rules and provides examples of electoral systems in context all over the world. The first chapters have been published online by Oxford University Press and include:

John Carey on Electoral System Design in Divided Societies;
Josep Colomer on Party System Effects on Electoral Systems;
Gary Cox on Portfolio Maximizing Strategies in Parliamentary Elections;
Joel Johnson on Electoral Systems and Campaign Finance;
Ken Kollman on Election Data and Levels of Analysis;
Dan Smith on Electoral Rules and Voter Turnout;
Thomas Carl Lundberg on Electoral Systems in Context: United Kingdom;
Ian McAllister and Toni Makkai on Electoral Systems in Context: Australia;
Jack Vowles on Electoral Systems in Context: New Zealand;
Kuniaki Nemoto on Electoral Systems in Context: Japan; and
Reuven Y. Hazan, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, and Gideon Rahat on Electoral Systems in Context: Israel.

More chapters are coming soon, including Lisa Handley on Redistricting, Pippa Norris on Electoral Integrity and Electoral Systems, and Matt Golder and Benjamin Ferland on Electoral Rules and Citizen-Elite Ideological Congruence. I will share additional news about the volume as it moves forward for electronic and hard-copy production.

[UPDATED: May 11, 2017; July 12, 2017]